Occupational stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker (NIOHS publication 99-101). Occupational stress can lead to poor health and even injury. It also presents a threat to the Health & Safety of the organization.
Occupational Stress is a new world dilemma – every organization wants to grow and sets rigorous challenges to its workers/employees without setting business tasks to the objectives specified in SMART i.e. Specific,
Measureable, Achievable, Realistic and Time Bound. This ultimately leads them to a poor state of mind.
STRESSFUL JOB CONDITIONS
- Heavy workload, sporadic rest breaks, long work hours and shiftwork. Lack of involvement in decision making.
- Lack of support from team.
- Conflicting demands with other departments.
- Little or no appreciation from the top-level heirarchy and man agers.
- Job insecurity and lack of growth opportunities.
- Physical situations such as high noise, obnoxiou emis- sions, and problems related to poor body posture.Lack of socialising opportunities.
ACUTE SIGNS OF STRESS
- Sleep disturbances
- Difficulty in concentration
- Short temper
- Upset stomach
- Job dissatisfaction
EFFECTS OF OCCUP. STRESS
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Musculoskeletal Disorders
- Psychological Disorders
- Workplace Injury
- Defined jobs as per capabilities.
- Involvement of employees in decision making by the company
- Employees engagement surveys for identification of their problems and outstanding issues.
- Provide opportunities for social interaction amongst workers.
- Establish work schedules that are compatible with demands and responsibilities outside the job.
Mohsin Jamshaid is a HSE expert and a Senior Environment Officer at the Board of Management SIE.